Cardamom is a blackish brown or green-colored seedpod used in various food items depending upon its color, flavor, and aromatic fragrance. It is used to make medicinal drinks and powders.

Cardamom is rich in calcium, potassium, phosphorus, and magnesium. A good amount of iron, sodium, and manganese is also present in cardamom. A small amount of zinc and copper is found in it too.

Cardamom is a seed pod, known since centuries for its culinary and medicinal properties. These aromatic spice is native to the evergreen rain forest of southern Indian Kerala state and grown in only a few tropical countries. Botanically, it belongs to the family of "Zingiberaceae" and consists of two genera; Elettaria and Amomum.

Generally, the cardamom plant grows up to 4 meters in length in thick clumps and starts bearing its prized seed pods soon after about two years of plantation. Each pod measures about 1-2 cm in length.

Both Elettaria and Amomum cardamom types feature three-sided pods with a thin, yet tough papery outer cover. Inside, tiny, deep-brown to black, aromatic seeds are arranged in vertical rows with each grain ensheathed again inside a very thin membrane.

Elettaria pods are small and light green, while amomum pods are larger and dark brown. The pods are being used as flavoring base in both food and drink as well as in medicine.

Name Cardamom
Scientific Name Elettaria cardamomum
Proteins 11 g
Calories From Fat 56
Calories From Protein 36
Vitamin C 21 mg
Vitamin B6 230 mcg
Calcium 383 mg
Iron 14 mg
Potassium 1.1 g
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